British Empire Medal GVI (Civil) to Mr Augustin Joseph Stapleton, Able Seaman, Merchant Navy born in Placentre Bay, Newfoundland, Canada in 1903. Serving aboard the Swedish Passenger and Cargo Liner SS Suecia when she was torpedoed and sunk in the North Atlantic 16th August 1942 by the German Submarine U-596. Awarded the BEM for his “Outstanding courage and skill” during seven days in an open lifeboat. During a 48 hour gale Stapleton steered the lifeboat until he collapsed, in these severe conditions without the actions of Stapleton, it is doubtful whether they would have reached safety. The Swedish Chief Officer was also awarded a King’s Commendation. Returning to sea in November 1942 aboard the SS Benedict, he continued to serve at sea in various Merchant ships, his last ship being the SS Queen Elizabeth 1948 to 1949.

British Empire Medal GVI (Civil)

Augustin Joseph Stapleton

With copy London Gazette entry and header for BEM, details of service from his Merchant Navy record BT382 from 1941 to 1948, copies from the Honours and Awards file.

Augustin Joseph Stapleton was born in Placentre Bay, Newfoundland 10th May 1903 and in 1941 was serving at the Merchant Navy Reserve Pool, Liverpool. Joining the Swedish Passenger and Cargo ship SS Suecia in August 1941 as Able Seaman, he was aboard this ship when she was torpedoed and sunk in the North Atlantic 16th August 1942 by the German Submarine U-596, the Suecia was part of convoy SC-95 from Sydney, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada to England. Awarded the British Empire Medal for his outstanding courage and skill when adrift in a lifeboat for seven days –

BEM London Gazette 16th February 1943 page 824 Augustin Joseph Stapleton, Able Seaman For services when the ship was torpedoed and sunk and for his conduct during seven days in an open boat. “The ship, when sailing alone, was torpedoed and sunk. One of the boats made a voyage of seven days in heavy weather before being picked up. Able Seaman Stapleton displayed outstanding courage and skill. He steered the boat during the whole of a 48 hour gale until he collapsed. In the severe conditions, without his great endurance and his experience in sailing, it is very doubtful whether the boat would have reached safety”. The Swedish Chief Officer Mr John Henry Rey was awarded a King’s Commendation.

Stapleton arrived at the Merchant Navy Reserve Pool, Liverpool 3rd November 1942 and joined the SS Benedict the same day, he continued to serve afloat in various Merchant ships until 30th May 1946 when he was admitted to hospital, sick. Discharged from hospital fit 28th June 1946 he returned to sea aboard the SS Blue Peter 1st July 1947 and subsequently joined SS Queen Elizabeth 13th April 1948 from which he appears to have been discharged 18th September 1949.

Scarce gallantry award to a Newfoundlander.

GVF & better £695 Available


 

Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB) in silver gilt and enamels, Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882-89 undated reverse clasp The Nile 1884-85, Queen’s South Africa Medal clasps Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902 to Lieutenant Colonel The Honourable Richard Thompson Lawley, 7th Hussars. Born in August 1856, the second son of the Second Baron Wenlock of Escrick Park, Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire and Colonel Yorkshire Hussars. Educated at Eton 1870 – 74 and the Royal Military College, commissioned in February 1875, he joined the 7th Hussars the following year. Serving in the Nile Expedition 1884-5 as part of the Light Camel Regiment. Promoted Captain in 1885, Major in 1893 and Lieutenant Colonel commanding 7th Hussars in 1899. Serving in South Africa 1901 to 1902, he first commanded the 7th Hussars and from January 1902 commanded a mobile column. Mentioned in Despatches in June 1902 and appointed a Companion of the Bath in June 1902 in recognition of his services in South Africa. Brevet Colonel in June 1903 and placed on Half Pay in November 1904, he succeeded his brother as 4th Baron Wenlock in 1912 and died in July 1918.

Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB) in silver gilt and enamels

Unnamed as awarded

Egypt and Sudan Medal 1882 – 1889 undated reverse clasp The Nile 1884-85

Lieut Hon R T Lawley 7/ Husrs

Queen’s South Africa Medal clasps Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902

Lt Col Hon R T Lawley CB 7/Hrs

Khedives Star 1884-6

Unnamed as issued

With a folder of research, copied photos.

Richard Thompson Lawley was born 21st August 1856 the son of Beilby Richard Lawley 2nd Baron Wenlock of Escrick Park, the Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire and Colonel, Yorkshire Hussars and his wife Lady Elizabeth Grosvenor, daughter of Richard, 2nd Marquess of Westminster. Brother of Sir Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock, Governor of Madras (1891 to 1896), Lt Colonel Yorkshire Imperial Yeomanry and Lord of the Bedchamber of HRH The Prince of Wales (1901), whom he succeeded in 1912 as 4th Baron Wenlock.

Captian Hon R T Lawley (left) Captain D Haig (seated) later Field Marshal Earl Haig C in C BEF, India 1888

Educated at Eton (1870 – 74) he married in 1909 Rhonda Edith 2nd daughter of the Reverend Canon Knox-Little of Worcester. Commissioned Sub Lieutenant unattached list from the Royal Military College he was appointed to the 7th Hussars as Lieutenant 11th February 1876. Promoted Captain 21st July 1885, Major 5th May 1893, Lieutenant Colonel 26th June 1899 and Brevet Colonel 26th June 1903. Served throughout the Nile Expedition 1884-5 with the Light Camel Regiment including operations with the desert column including the engagement at Abu Klea Wells 16th to 17th February 1885. Three officers and forty four other ranks of the 7th Hussars served with the Light Camel Regiment.

Appointed to command the 7th Hussars 20th December 1901 to 22nd January 1902, he was then appointed to command a mobile column comprising The Queen’s Bays, 7th Hussars, two guns and a pom pom from 39th Battery Royal Field Artillery. Present during operations in the Transvaal from March to 31st May 1902, Orange River Colony from January to March and May 1902, Cape Colony from January to March and May 1902, Cape Colony from December 1901 to January 1902. Mentioned in Despatches London Gazette 26th June 1902, appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath London Gazette 26th June 1902 page 4192 “In recognition of services during operations in South Africa” . Retiring 2nd November 1904, he inherited the title as 4th Baron Wenlock from his brother in 1912, he died at Hestercombe near Taunton whilst on a visit 25th July 1918 aged 61 years without issue, his brother inherited the title. Lord Wenlock is buried at St Peter’s Church, Monk Hopton, Shropshire, his home at the time of his death was Monk Hopton House.

Light pitting to Egypt and Sudan Medal otherwise

GVF & better £3,500 Available


 

Military Medal GV, 1914/15 Star, British War and Victory Medals to Lance Corporal Henry Ibbotson, 1/4th (Hallamshire) Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment born in Worrall, Sheffield in 1895. A former Farm Labourer employed at the South Yorkshire Asylum for paupers and County of York Lunatic Asylum at Wadsley near Sheffield, he enlisted at Sheffield and served in France from 19th August 1915. Awarded the MM for his gallantry during a trench raid on enemy positions during the battle of the Somme 14th September 1916 when he rescued several wounded, probably with Sergeant G A Shute who was awarded the DCM for similar acts of gallantry. Killed in action 2nd May 1917 when an enemy 8 inch shell landed amongst a group of soldiers from his Battalion, killing 12 and wounding 16. Aged 22 years he now rests in the Pont-Du-Hem Military Cemetery, La Gorgue, France. His brother Lieutenant Arnold Ibbotson, also 1/4th York and Lancaster Regiment was killed in action 13th October 1918 aged 23 years.

Military Medal GV

3636 L Cpl H Ibbotson 1/4 Y & L R TF

1914/15 Star

201603 Pte H Ibbotson York & Lanc R

British War and Victory Medals

210603 Pte H Ibbotson Y & L R

With copy Medal Index Card which records change in number, London Gazette entries and header for MM, copies from the Regimental History and War Diary covering the trench raid for which he received the MM and when he was killed, birth certificate and newspaper photo (small).

Henry Ibbotson was born at Worrall, Sheffield 14th January 1895, the son of Rosilla Ibbotson, his father unknown on the birth certificate. The 1911 census records he is a 16 year old Farm Servant residing and employed by the South Yorkshire Asylum for Paupers and County of York Lunatic Asylum, Wadsley, near Sheffield. Enlisting at Sheffield,  he served in France from 19th August 1915 with the 2/4th Hallamshire Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment. Awarded the Military Medal London Gazette 16th November 1916 page 11140, the Regimental History records –

“For gallantry on the night of 14th September 1916 whilst acting as stretcher bearer during a trench raid”.

The raid under shell fire, captured the first enemy trench, which was found to be empty and in a bad state, and then before turning to flank another, the Hallamshires received multiple casualties from enemy shell and mortar fire, requiring several of their wounded to be rescued. Other awards for the raid included Lieutenant Christmas the MC for leading the raid and Sergeant G A Shute the DCM, who brought in Lieutenant Christmas after he had been wounded and went out on two occasions to bring in wounded (probably with Ibbotson). Casualties during the raid recorded as 1 officer and 8 other ranks killed and wounded in the raiding party and 5 other ranks wounded in the flanking party.

Whilst the 1/4th Battalion were at Neuve Chapelle, Henry Ibbotson was Killed on 2nd May 1917 aged 22 years. On this day, during a short lull in the fighting, on a fine day whilst at Pont du Hem, a number of men had taken a moment to write letters home and pause for tea, when an 8 inch shell landed amongst them in a barn, killing 12 and wounding 16. This shell was the first of 350 which fell in the immediate vicinity of the Battalion during the afternoon on 2nd May.

The Sheffield Independent Newspaper dated Friday 24th August 1917 front page has a picture of Henry Ibbotson of 26 Matilda Street, killed.

The nephew of Thomas and Edith Ibbotson of “Wood Lea”, 8 Middlewood Estate, Oughtibridge, Sheffield, he now rests in the Pont-du-Hem Military Cemetery, La Gorgue, France, his brother Lieutenant Arnold Ibbotson 1/4th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment was killed in action 13th October 1918 aged 23 years and now rests in the York Cemetery, Haspres.

NEF £850 SOLD


 

Military Medal GV with Bar for SECOND AWARD, 1914/15 Star, British War and Victory Medals to Gunner Stephen Halliday, “B” Battery, 93rd Brigade Royal Field Artillery a former Coal Miner (Hewer) born in Browney, County Durham in 1887. Serving in France from 22nd July 1915, he was awarded the MM for the battle of Bullecourt and a Bar to the Military Medal for the opening actions of the Third battle of Ypres commencing 31st July 1917. Killed in action 8th October 1917 on the eve of the battle of Poelcapelle, his Battery moving forward to support the attack the next day, came under enemy artillery fire with devastating results, their position abandoned having suffered two officers killed with 9 other ranks killed and 6 other ranks wounded. Aged 30 years he is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial.

Military Medal GV with Bar for SECOND AWARD

18228 Gnr S Halliday B 93/Bde RFA

1914/15 Star

18228 Gnr S Halliday RFA

British War and Victory Medals

18228 Gnr S Halliday RA

With copy Medal Index Card, London Gazette entries for MM and Bar to MM, MM award Card, census details and research listed here, copy War Diary entry for the date of his death.

Original silk ribbons.

Stephen Halliday was born in Browney, County Durham in 1887 and christened 22nd September 1887 at Spennymoor, Durham, the son of  Stephen Halliday a below ground Colliery Deputy Overman and his wife Ann Isabella. The 1901 census records Stephen Junior aged 13 years a coal cleaner above ground at the Browney Colliery residing with his parents, 4 brothers and 2 sisters at 118 Office Street, Browney. The 1911 census records he is  a 23 year old Coal Miner (Hewer), a boarder residing at Scott Building, West Cornforth, Sedgefield, Durham. Enlisting at Houghton Le Spring, County Durham he served in France from 22nd July 1915. Awarded the MM London Gazette 18th July 1917 page 7279 for gallantry at the battle of Bullecourt and Bar to MM London Gazette 28th September 1917 page 10020 for gallantry during the opening actions of the Third Battle of Ypres. Killed in action 8th October 1917 aged 30 years, the day before the battle of Poelcappele, his Battery having moved into position to give covering fire for the next days assault, was subject to accurate enemy artillery fire with devastating results, the War Diary briefly records –

“B” Battery moved forward, two guns to position C6 d31 but the position was ultimately abandoned, “A” and “C” Batteries carrying out programmed shoots. Captain F M Bulter and 2/Lieutenant S Ivatts, MC killed, 9 other ranks killed and 6 other ranks wounded”. The two officers killed were Captain Francis Mourilyan Butler and 2/Lieutenant Selwyn Ivatts, MC, both have identified graves in the Canada Farm Cemetery, a third identified grave is of 58494 Sergeant Savory also a member of “B” Battery 93rd Brigade RFA, other members of the Battery killed that day have no known grave.

The next day, 9th October 1917 the War Diary records –

“B” Battery personnel withdrawn to the waggon lines, “A” and “C” Batteries fired a barrage in support of Infantry attack on enemy positions East of Poelcapelle, 2 other ranks wounded”.

Stephen Hellier is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial.

NEF £1,100 Available


 

George Medal GVI 1st type, 1939/45 Star, Atlantic Star, Defence and War Medals to Stoker 1st Class George William Rowe, Royal Navy a former Fitter born in Manchester in 1901. Entering the Royal Navy as Stoker 2nd Class 6th March 1925, he served ashore and afloat until discharged time expired 5th March 1937. Joining Chatham Royal Fleet Reserve he was mobilized 31st August 1939 serving aboard HMS Lynx and HMS Sandhurst. It was whilst billeted at Burlington Barracks, Dover that he gave assistance to the rescue parties during a bombing raid on Dover and simultaneous artillery bombardment from German long range guns on the French coast on 11th September 1940. Lowe rescued the only survivor from the Sussex Arms Inn, showing exceptional bravery in tunnelling through debris to reach the cellar, at any time he could have been buried by collapsing bricks and masonry. He made a second rescue in similar circumstances bringing out a lady alive who had been buried for three and a half hours, all the time under artillery fire, shells landing within 500 to 300 feet of where he was working. Lowe went on to serve at the Naval Base in Durban, South Africa and was discharged permanently unfit for Naval service in October 1940.

George Medal GVI 1st type

Sto 1 CL George William Rowe C/K.85757

1939/45 Star, Atlantic Star, Defence and War Medals

Unnamed as issued

With copy service record, London Gazette entry and header for GM, Civil Defence recommendation for his GM with narrative of events, copy newspaper article and copies from Dover at War.

George William Lowe was born 22nd September 1901 in Manchester, a Fitter he entered the Royal Navy at Pembroke II as Stoker 2nd Class 6th March 1925. Rated Stoker 1st Class aboard HMS Cyclops 12th August 1925, he subsequently joined HMS Lowestoft 27th September 1929, Pembroke II 16th October 1929, HMS Godetia 25th October 1930, Pembroke I 17th February 1933, HMS Sandhurst 25th July 1933, Pembroke II 28th August 1935, HMS Frobisher 31st August 1935 and Pembroke II 15th January 1937 from where he was discharged time expired 5th March 1937.

Joining Chatham Royal Fleet reserve 6th March 1937 he was mobilized 31st August 1939 joining Pembroke II he subsequently joined HMS Lynx 13th September 1939, HMS Sandhurst 1st January 1940, HMS Lynx 1st October 1940, Pembroke II 16th January 1941, HMS Aster 26th March 1941, Kongoni 1st March 1942, Kongoni Assigai 2nd April 1945 (Durban, South Africa base), Pembroke II 10th May 1945 and discharged 8th October 1945 permanently unfit for Naval Service.

Billitted at No 6 Mess, Burlington Barracks, Dover at the time of the raid.

Awarded the George Medal London Gazette 4th February 1941 page 671 “The King has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the George Medal for gallantry in saving the lives of two civilians during an enemy attack to – Stoker 1st Class George William Lowe, C/K.65757.”

The Sussex Arms, Dover circa 1920

From: The Dover Express 20th September 1940 –

“During the attack on Dover, Wednesday last (11th September 1940) the attack was made in the first instance dropping both incendiary and high explosive bombs. Most of the latter fell in a relatively small area and few properties escaped damage. This wanton attack was followed by a bombardment by the enemy’s long distance guns mounted on the French coast……The bombing attack was the most severe yet experienced in Dover and the ARP services were subject to an exhaustive test. Two large explosive bombs fell between two streets of small old properties and caused considerable devastation, whilst others wrecked larger buildings in the neighbourhood.

Wardens, Rescue Parties, First Aiders, Police and Ambulances were quickly on the scene and later soldiers arrived to help. Mr E L Jones the Borough Engineer was in charge of rescue operations. Within a short time most casualties had received first aid and others conveyed to hospital Other victims had been buried under huge piles of debris and it was with difficulty that they were freed and injuries attended.

Conspicuous courage and resource was shown by Stoker Lowe, Royal Navy who tunnelled under a pile of wreckage 15 feet high and extricated the License, the sole survivor, of a well known Inn  (The Sussex Arms) three generations of the family being killed in the Inn. The whole time Stoker Lowe was working in an incredibly small cavity in the debris. He was in danger of being crushed by the debris, which formed the remains of the imprisoned man’s home. Notwithstanding this heroic act, when it became known that a woman was similarly imprisoned Stoker Lowe again volunteered to crawl under the debris to locate her. She was finally rescued after being trapped and covered with debris for three and a half hours. Mrs Terry, who was rescued, displayed considerable fortitude throughout and is understood to be recovering from her ordeal.”

From: The Dover Express 7th February 1941 Announcing the award of the George Medal to Stoker Lowe, the article added –

“Stoker Lowe tunnelled under a pile of wreckage 15 feet high and extricated the Licensee, Mr Francis Richardson, the sole survivor of a well known Inn (The Sussex Arms). Lowe was in danger of being crushed by the collapse of a large heavy chimney breast which leaned precariously on the pile of debris which formed the remains of the imprisoned man’s home. Stoker Lowe again volunteered to crawl under debris and rescue a woman who had been trapped under debris for three and a half hours.”

From: Dover at War by Roy S Humphreys, 1993

“On Wednesday 11th September the sirens sounded soon after breakfast when a gaggle of ME109’s flew in to shot down (barrage) balloons. The sirens sounded again at 1500hrs, the day Dover was not only bombed but simultaneously shelled. There were about 20 bombers over the town and the attack resulted in considerable damage to dwellings and businesses….a large number of military personnel were brought into the town to help in relief efforts. Stoker Lowe extricated the sole survivor of the Sussex Arms and Mrs Terry after three and a half hours, all the time she was unaware her 15 year old daughter Doris had been killed.

Jack Hewitt, First Aid Party Leader recalls……Down the road a Stoker, Royal Navy was tunnelling into debris in Camden Street, he brought out at least one dead woman. He had taken off his tunic and put his kit bag down. He later discovered someone had stolen it”.

Throughout Lowe’s rescue attempts German artillery shells were landing 500 to 300 feet away from where he was working.

GVF £4,250 SOLD


 

Distinguished Flying Medal GVI 1st type, 1939/45 Star, Air Crew Europe Star clasp ‘France and Germany’, Defence Medal, War Medal, General Service Medal GVI clasps SE Asia 1945-46, Malaya, Long Service and Good Conduct Medal E2 Royal Air Force to Master Engineer (Warrant Officer Aircrew) late Flying Officer John Douglas Davies, Royal Air Force a former Garage Hand born in Marlow, Buckinghamshire in 1921, he was residing and working in Ashurst, Kent before the outbreak of war. Enlisting into the RAFVR in 1941, he trained as a Flight Engineer. Awarded the DFM in October 1944  for services with 578 Squadron, he was commissioned in November 1944 whilst serving with 1663 Conversion Unit. Post War he flew operationally in South East Asia and Malaya, reverting to non commissioned rank in order to stay in the RAF, he was promoted to Master Engineer (Warrant Officer Aircrew) in March 1959. He died in Crawley, West Sussex in 2004.

Distinguished Flying Medal GVI 1st type

1217245 F/Sgt J D Davies RAF

1939/45 Star, Air Crew Europe Star clasp ‘France and Germany’, Defence and War Medals

Unnamed as issued

General Service Medal GVI clasps SE Asia 1945-46, Malaya

FG Off J D Davies RAF

Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Royal Air Force E2

M Eng J D Davies (1217245) RAF

With copy London Gazette entries for DFM and commission, copy DFM recommendation (from DFM book) and other research listed here, would benefit from a Squadron Operations search to ascertain his sorties etc. The group court mounted as originally worn, the clasps on the GSM riveted together.

John Douglas Davies was born in Marlow, Buckinghamshire 21st December 1921, employed as a Garage Hand he joined the RAFVR in 1941 and trained as a Flight Engineer. Awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal London Gazette 13th October 1944 page 4963 for his service with 578 Squadron, the official recommendation states –

“Flight Sergeant Davies has completed 35 operational sorties totalling 183.42 hours during which he has taken part in many attacks on targets in such heavily defended areas as Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Essen and Dusseldorf. This excellent Flight Engineer has carried out a large number of operations, during which he has displayed a resourcefulness and capability of the highest order. On occasions when either engines or tanks have been damaged by enemy action, he has manipulated the fuel controls to a well calculated accuracy in order to balance the weight evenly and to ease the Captain’s problems in controlling the aircraft. He has always expended great care and thought on the welfare of his crew, giving assistance with a cheerful and willing readiness. To his fine technical work, he added a courageous acceptance of the strongest enemy opposition, displaying a supremely high morale at all times. I recommend that he should receive the award of the DFM”.

His Station Commander added –

“This Flight Sergeant has displayed courage and a strong sense of duty throughout his operational tour. His co-operation, coolness and determination have contributed in a large measure to the success of his gallant crew. I recommend his fine record of achievement should be recognised by the award of the Distinguished Flying Medal “.

From: The West Sussex County Times 20th October 1944 page 5 – “Flight Sergeant John Douglas Davies who’s home is at Ashurst has just been awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal. Born in Marlow, Bucks in 1921, in civil life he worked as a Garage Hand. He enlisted in 1941 and is now a Flight Engineer”.

From: The Sevenoaks Chronicle and Kentish Advertiser 13th April 1945 page 6

Commissioned Pilot Officer (187725) on probation 14th November 1944 (London Gazette 26th December 1944 page 5911) whilst serving at 1663 Conversion Unit. Post 1946, Davies reverted to non commissioned rank in order to remain in the Royal Air Force and reverted to his previous service number 1217243, he was promoted Master Engineer (Aircrew Warrant Officer) 9th March 1959. He died in Crawley, West Sussex in 2004.

GVF £3,250 Available


 

Distinguished Conduct Medal GV, 1914/15 Star, British War and Victory Medals with Bronze Memorial Plaque to Sergeant (Acting Company Sergeant Major) William John Ross, Scots Guards. Born in 1892 in Ord, Rosskeen, Scotland, educated at Maryburgh School, he was a Police Constable at Kilwinning, Ayrshire when he enlisted for the Scots Guards at Glasgow in October 1914. Serving with the 1st Battalion in France from 8th April 1915, he was wounded in action at the battle of Loos 27th September 1915. Awarded the DCM for his gallantry at Moyenneville and Hamelincourt on 21st, 22nd and 23rd August 1918 in which he was instrumental in the success of his company’s attack. Killed in action 15th October 1918 aged 27 years, hit by a Machine Gun bullet whilst on patrol. He now rests in an identified grave in the Carnieres Communal Cemetery, Departement du Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France, he is also commemorated on the village War Memorial in Fearn in Ross-shire and on the Ayrshire Constabulary and Kilmarnock Burgh Police War Memorial at the entrance to Ayr Police Station. 

Distinguished Conduct Medal GV

11552 SJT W J Ross 1/S Gds

1914/15 Star

11552 L Cpl W J Ross S Gds

British War and Victory Medals

11552 A WO CL 2 W J Ross S Gds

Bronze Memorial Plaque

William John Ross

With original photograph in uniform, original DCM citation and other research recorded here mainly from The Ross-Shire Journal newspaper.

William John Ross was born on 10 September 1891 at Ord in the Parish of Rosskeen in the County of Ross. His father was Donald Ross, a Farm servant and his mother, Jemima Munro or Ross were married at Fearn in Ross on 12 December 1884. In the Census of 1901, the family consisting of Donald, (48) Jemima, (45) and their daughters, Elsie, (12) and Bella, (6)and their son William John, (9) were living at 2 West End, Fodderty near Dingwall in Ross-shire. In the Census of 1891, the eldest daughter was Betsy Ross, (4) followed by Elsie, (2). There is no mention of Betsy in 1901. By 1911, William John Ross, (18) was working as a Railway Clerk and living as a Boarder at 8 Commerce Street in Elgin Burgh. The Ayrshire Constabulary records at the Mitchell Library in Glasgow do not confirm the dates of service but sometime after 1911 Census. Educated at Maryburgh School, he was a police constable at Kilwinning, Ayrshire when he enlisted for the Scots Guards at Glasgow in October 1914. Serving in France from 8th April 1915 with the 1st Battalion he was wounded in action at Loos 27th September 1915.

Image result for charge 1st Scots Guards at Loos

The 1st Battalion Scots Guards attack, battle of Loos, 27th September 1915 (Artist Fortunino Matania)

On 27th September 1915 the 1st Battalion Scots Guards formed part of 2nd Guards Brigade and had assembled in the Hulloch area. At 1640 under cover of thick smoke they advanced to Chalk Pit Wood and the Chalk Pit. 1st Battalion Scots Guards were tasked with taking Puits 14Bis a Coal Mine Pit Head and they continued their advance. Halted by heavy Machine Gun fire from Bois Hugo, some 1st Battalion Guardsmen managed to force their way into the Pit Buildings but at 1700 were forced to fall back in the face of strong German counter attacks.

Recovering from his wounds he re-joined the 1st Battalion in France. Awarded the DCM London Gazette 5th December 1918 page 14452

“For exceptional gallantry and resource. When the difficulties of an attack were greatly increased by intense fog, gas shells, and counter-barrage, this NCO acting as Company Sergeant Major, rendered the greatest service to his officers by the wonderful example and untiring energy which he displayed, and which had the most inspiring effect on the men of his company.”

The original citation from his Commanding Officer Lt Colonel M MacKenzie states –

“On 21st, 22nd and 23rd August 1918 near Moyenneville and Hamelincourt this NCO, acting as Company Sergeant Major, displayed exceptional gallantry and resource. On 21st he was successful in keeping in touch with the Division on the right, a task which was rendered extremely difficult by the intense fog, gas shells and counter barrage. On 23rd his company was, for two hours, subject to an intense bombardment by heavy guns. During all this time this NCO walked up and down his company cheering the men, and keeping them in hand. Finally he rendered the utmost help to his officers during the advance and consolidation. It is largely due to the wonderful example and untiring energy of this NCO that the attack of his company was successful”.

Killed instantly by a Machine Gun bullet whilst on patrol 15th October 1918 aged 27 years – In a letter addressed to Miss Ross, deceased’s sister, the Rev Innes Logan, Chaplain of the 1st Battalion Scots Guards, wrote –

“I fear I have very sad news for you concerning your brother, Sergt Ross, DCM. On 15th October, while out with his company on patrol, he was hit by a machine gun bullet. I greatly regret to say he was instantly killed. I laid him to rest in the presence of his commanding officer, while the pipers played a lament yesterday, 22nd October at 1530. He was one of the finest men in the battalion, and he will be greatly missed.  We honour his memory, and his comrades beg me to say how deeply they feel for you in this great sorrow. We pray that as time passes you may find some consolation in the thought that he died fighting gallantly for a noble purpose. Sergeant Ross was Acting Company Sergeant Major at the time.”

GVF £2,750 SOLD


 

Distinguished Flying Cross GVI reverse officially dated 1944, 1939/45 Star, Air Crew Europe Star clasp France and Germany, Italy Star, War Medal, Air Efficiency Award GVI 1st type to Squadron Leader Harold Valentine Ellis, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire in 1915, he entered the Royal Air Force as a Sergeant (qualified) pilot in August 1939. A Beaufighter and later Mosquito Night Fighter pilot, he commencing operational flying with 600 Squadron in December 1940. He destroyed an He111 NW off the Scillies on the night of 8th / 9th September 1941, damaged a JU88 over Colerne 1st June 1941 and damaged a Do17 off Falmouth on the night of 18th / 19th December 1941. Joining 219 Squadron in April 1943 he became a Flight Commander in October the same year and destroyed a JU88 on 28th March 1944 which crashed at Ilminster, destroyed a JU88 on 30th July 1944 over the north bank of the Seine, SE of Le Havre, and probably destroyed a JU88 on 16th July 1944, 25 miles west of Le Havre. By August 1944 he had completed 157 operational patrols in 370 hours operational flying, his last patrol was on 12th September 1944. Total score three destroyed, one probably destroyed, two damaged.

Distinguished Flying Cross GVI

Unnamed as awarded the reverse officially dated 1944

1939/45 Star, Air Crew Europe Star clasp France and Germany, Italy Star, War Medal

Unnamed as issued

Air Efficiency Award GVI 1st type

Act Sqn Ldr H V Ellis RAFVR

With copy London Gazette entry & headers for DFC, copy original recommendation, copy surviving combat reports and other research from on line sources.

The Group previously auctioned by Spink Lot 73, sale date 19th November 2015 with a Battle of Britain clasp (not stated if genuine) to which he is not entitled, having commenced operational flying in December 1940.

Harold Valentine ELLIS was born 25th October 1915 at Chepstow, Monmouthshire, educated at The King’s School, Gloucester, he enlisted as a Sergeant pilot (754961) in August 1939 and completed his initial training at 1 EFTS and 10 SFTS. Commissioned Pilot Officer 7th September 1940 (London Gazette 8th October 1940 page 5906), War Substantive Flying Officer 7th September 1941 (London Gazette 28th October 1941 page 6256), War Substantive Flight Lieutenant 7th February 1942 (London Gazette 7th February 1942 page 5512) and acting Squadron Leader in October 1943.

From The Gloucester Citizen Newspaper 13th November 1944 page 1

Air Efficiency Award awarded 9th May 1946

DFC London Gazette 3rd November 1944 page 5034

Acting Squadron Leader Harold Valentine ELLIS (84968) RAFVR

“Squadron Leader ELLIS has completed many sorties by night and by day, often in most adverse weather. His determination and keenness throughout have been most commendable and have set an excellent example. He has destroyed three enemy aircraft and damaged several others”.

The official recommendation states –

Number of operational patrols 157, number of operational flying hours 370.

This officer has been flying operationally, in a night fighter squadron since December 1940. During his first tour in No 600 Squadron he destroyed one enemy aircraft and damaged two others (Destroyed an He111 NW off the Scillies on the night of 8th / 9th September 1941, damaged a JU88 over Colerne 1st June 1941 and damaged a Do17 off Falmouth on the night of 18th / 19th December 1941). He joined this unit (219 Squadron) in April 1943 and became a Flight Commander in October 1943 whilst the unit was overseas. He has so far destroyed two enemy aircraft (JU88 north bank of the Seine SE of Le Havre 20th / 31st July 1944) and probably destroyed a third on his second tour.

Squadron Leader Ellis has, at all times, shown himself to be extremely proficient as a pilot in any type of weather both by day and night. During a period of two years when he never had the opportunity of chasing an enemy aircraft, he carried out many sorties by day and night in the worst possible weather. His determination and keenness to destroy the enemy together with his high standard of pilotage have, during the three and a half years I have known this officer, been of the highest order. I recommend him strongly for the award of the DFC”.

His Air Officer Commanding 11 Group added –

“This officer has completed two operational tours comprising 370 operational hours, during which he has destroyed three enemy aircraft and probably destroyed a fourth. I consider his devotion to duty and achievements over a very long period of active operational flying well merits the award of the DFC”.

600 Squadron RAF

No.600 was allocated to night defence in December 1939. In September 1940 the first Beaufighter was received, conversion being completed early in 1941. In October 1940 the squadron moved to Yorkshire and in March 1941 to south-west England, where it remained until September 1942.

Combat report 600 Squadron 8th September 1941

Beaufighter 600 Squadron patrol near Lizard Head

“At 2115 was in persuit of raid 137 when at 11,000 feet flying NW over Scillies on steady course 6 miles ahead. Raid faded on GCI plots before any contact was established. Controller gave location of target. A good blip was obtained at 2127 hours at 10,000 feet showing enemy aircraft about 40 degrees to port at 10,000 feet and loosing height. A silhouette was obtained at 7,000 feet at 500 yards ahead. Closed to within 50 yards, 100 feet below the enemy aircraft identified as an He111. Enemy aircraft took no evasive action, no return fire experienced, fired a two second burst seeing flashes from port engine and fuselage. The aim was direct. Enemy aircraft immediately went down in a vertical dive to port and a large blue flash was seen several thousand feet below. Haze over the sea prevented the pilot seeing enemy aircraft strike the sea. No further blip obtained. This enemy aircraft claimed as destroyed”.

219 Squadron

In March 1943 219 Squadron was equipped with the latest night fighter version of the Beaufighter and was ready to depart for overseas service by May. Eighteen aircraft headed for an airfield in Cornwall before leaving at 5 minute intervals for the long flight across the Bay of Biscay for Gibraltar. Operating from Bone in Algeria, the squadron was operational by the end of June 1943. Moving to Tunisia after the surrender of the Axis forces, 219 provided escorts for convoys supporting the invasion of Sicily. The squadron later covered the landings at Salerno and was in constant readiness to meet German intruders attacking rear areas.

219 returned to England in January 1944 and re-equipped with Mosquitos. Moved to Essex to cover the D-Day landings they remained in England in a night fighter role.

Combat report 219 Squadron 30th / 31st July 1944

Mosquito 5 miles in land North bank of River Seine, SE of Le Havre.

“Squadron Leader ELLIS and Flight Lieutenant CRAIG of 219 Squadron took off from Bradwell Bay at 2320 hours and proceeded to Pool 1 under Legion control and landed at Ford at 0230 hours due to bad weather. Patrolling 30 miles SW of Le Havre under Legion Control at about 0035 hours I was told there was a bogey flying SW at 10,000 feet. A few minuites later the N/R obtained a contact on an aircraft at 4 miles range to port and slightly above. I began to close range, I obtained a visual on an aircraft at range 2,000 feet and slightly above, this was held as we tried to identify the aircraft  using ROSS night glasses, at this range we could not identify so I closed to 50 yards keeping well below in the slight ground haze. I identified the target as a JU88 by typical silhouette and external bomb racks.

We dropped back to 80 yards and height 11,000 feet and opened fire giving a 3 second burst, there were many strikes on the fuselage and main plane, which was followed immediately by an explosion in the centre of the fuselage, the enemy aircraft then broke into flames and after flying on straight and level for several seconds dived straight down still burning and struck the ground on the north bank of the Seine, 5 miles SE of Le Havre where it burned for 15 minutes or more. Claim JU88 destroyed”.

Combat report 27th / 28th March 1944

Mosquito Yeovil – Ilminster area

“Scrambled from Colerne base at 2323 hours, landing Honiley 0045 hours, to intercept hostiles coming in from the south. Under sector control was ordered to 12,000 feet and increased height to 14,000 feet after 15 minutes controller advised bandit 15 miles to port. Eventually secured contact at 3 miles range, height 16,000 feet, chased this contact to the west and closed to 1,500 feet, visual obtained on a twin engine enemy aircraft believed to be a JU88, speed approximately 220 mph. Pilot (Ellis) closed in from astern and below to within 150 yards and opened fire with 4 cannons, giving a burst of 5 seconds. Many strikes were seen on the port wing and engine causing a tremendous flash and fire broke out on port wing and engine. Return fire was experienced from upper gun position, mostly passing below and starboard, upon later inspection it was found one round had pierced the persex nose and an electric cable causing the AI to become unserviceable. The enemy aircraft was last seen to roll over to starboard and go down in a vertical dive with flames pouring from it for some 6 to 7,000 feet and disappear in cloud.

The sector controller took a fix at the time of combat which was in the Yeovil area, it was later established the JU88 crashed near Ilminster. The JU88 loaded with 2 AB 1000’s took-off at 21.30 hrs and was shot down en-route for Bristol by S/Ldr H V Ellis and F/Lt J M Craig in Mosquito XVII, HK260, of 219 Squadron.(Colerne). Crashed at 23.57 hrs at Hestercombe Manor House, Upper Cheddon, near Taunton 27/28.03.44: Target Bristol: I/KG 54. Ju 88A-4, Wnr.144551, B3+BL of 3/KG 54 crew were Ofw. Hans Brautigam (F) POW Ogefr. Kurt Chalon (B) POW Ogefr. Alfred Maleztki (Bm) POW Uffz. Robert Belz (Bf) killed. Claim JU88 destroyed

Combat report 15th / 16th July 1944

Mosquito 25 miles west of Le Havre

“Squadron Leader H V Ellis and Flight Lieutenant J M Craig took off from Bradwell Bay at 205 hours and proceeded to Poole 1 under Radox Control and landed base at 0140 hours. Whilst patrolling Radox 1  and at approximately 0015 hours was vectored to a position one and a half miles north east of Le Havre height 4,000 feet and told activity expected from the east. At 1,500 feet distance and height 7,000 feet I closed on an aircraft identified as a JU88. At 200 yards range I commenced to fire, strikes seen on the starboard wing, engine and fuselage, a large explosion in the cockpit and a portion of the wing flew off. The enemy aircraft rolled over to port and went down steeply, I followed it down , it was obviously out of control and at 3,000 feet the enemy aircraft began to climb at a steeper and steeper angle and at 5,000 feet was positively almost vertically upwards, at this poit it was seen to stall and dive away to port. I would imagine that the pilot was wounded and had lost control of the aircraft. In an attempt to follow the enemy aircraft I stalled my own aircraft and began an incipient spin to starboard, I over corrected and flicked to port, in pulling up I lost sight of the enemy aircraft which was somewhere below me, my height was then 1,500 feet. Up to then the enemy aircraft was behaving in such a manner that I think the pilot had lost control of his aircraft and was probably badly wounded. No return fire. Claim JU88 probably destroyed”.

GVF & better £3,950 Available


 

Military Medal GV with Bar for SECOND AWARD, 1914 Star and GENUINE clasp 5th Aug – 22nd Nov 1914, British War and Victory Medals with GENUINE Mentioned in Despatches Oakleaf, 1939/45 Defence Medal, Long Service and Good Conduct Medal GV Army 1st type to Colour Sergeant Harold Dodd, 1st Battalion Leicestershire Regiment a former Tailor born in Burton on Trent in 1889. A resident at the Nottingham Training Institution for pauper children, he attested for the Leicestershire Regiment in December 1904 aged 14 years. Serving in France from 9th September 1914, he was awarded the MM for the attack on the Quadrilateral feature, Somme sector in September 1916 and the Bar to the MM for the battle of Cambrai 8th October 1918. Twice wounded he was Mentioned in Despatches by FM Haig in January 1917. Returning to Nottingham following discharge from the Army he was employed as a Mental Patient Attendant at Nottingham General Hospital. He died in Leicester in 1960.

Military Medal GV and BAR for Second Award

7563 A SJT H Dodd 1/Leic R

1914 Star and GENUINE clasp 5th Aug – 22nd Nov 1914

7563 L Cpl H Dodd 1/Leic R

British War and Victory Medals

7563 C SJT H Dodd Leic R

1939/45 Defence Medal

Unnamed as issued

Long Service and Good Conduct Medal GV Army 1st type

4848306 S SJT H Dodd Leic R

With copy London Gazette entries & headers for MM & Bar and Mentioned in Despatches, copy Medal Index Card and other research taken from on line records.

Harold Dodd was born in Burton on Trent 13th July 1889, the 1891 census records he is residing with his family at 25 Napier Street, Burton on Trent, his father William a Joiner (died 1908) and mother Mary Ann and four older siblings. The 1901 census records he is 11 yeas old and a resident at the Nottingham Training Institution for pauper children, Hartley Road, Nottingham. Enlisting for the Leicestershire Regiment in December 1904 as a Boy, the 1911 census records he is a Private soldier aged 21 years a former Tailor serving with the 1st Battalion Leicestershire Regiment stationed at Talavera Barracks, Aldershot. The Regimental Journal records he was appointed Lance Corporal in May 1914 when the Battalion were stationed in Fermoy, Ireland.

Serving in France from 9th September 1914, admitted No 13 General Hospital 17th May 1915, reason not established. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph dated 10th November 1916 page 5 lists Dodd as wounded and his next of kin residing in Nottingham. He married Rose Oldham on 13th December 1917 at St Margaret’s Church, Leicester, their address is recorded as 34 Church Gate, Leicester. Listed as wounded for a second time in The Times Daily List 8th January 1918.

Military Medal London Gazette 27th October 1916 page 10478

Awarded for the 1st Battalion’s attack on the Quadrilateral feature on the Somme on 15 September 1916, the opening day of the battle of Flers-Courcelette (15th to 22nd September 1916),  the battalion advanced against Straight Trench but met with uncut wire and Machine Gun fire, forcing them to take cover in shell holes. Suffering 14 officers and 410 other ranks killed or wounded during the two days’ fighting, the Battalion withdrew on 17th September to Maltz Horn farm. The War Diary for 1st November 1916 when Dodd’s award of the MM is announced notes him as being absent from the Battalion (wounded).

Bar to Military Medal London Gazette 13th May 1919 page 6005

Awarded for the battle of Cambrai 8th October 1918, the award recorded in the Battalion War Diary Sergeant Dodd of ‘B’ Company awarded Bar to MM by Authority of Officer Commanding IX Corps dated 28th October 1918.

Mentioned in Despatches (FM Haig) London Gazette 4th January 1917 page 225

Returning to Nottingham following discharge from the Army the 1939 Register records he is a Mental Patient Attendant at Nottingham General Hospital residing with his wife at 30 Park Row, Nottingham. A Member of the Leicestershire Regiment Old Comrades Association 1938 to 1948, he died in Leicester in 1960.

A fine combination. GVF & better £2,250 Available


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Distinguished Service Medal GVI, British Empire Medal GVI (Military), Naval General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1936-39, 1939/45 Star, Africa Star clasp North Africa 1942-43, Atlantic Star, War Medal, Long Service & Good Conduct Medal Royal Navy GVI 1st type to Commissioned Engineer (Sub Lieutenant) Charles Stanley Carter, Royal Navy born in July 1905 in Penzance, Cornwall. Entering the Royal Navy in January 1921, he rose steadily through the ranks being advanced to Chief Engine Room Artificer in January 1937. Joining HMS Broke in July 1939, the ship taking part in the evacuation of troops from St Nazaire, France in June 1940. Awarded the BEM for his skill when Broke rescued 180 survivors from the Armed Merchant Cruiser Comorin  which caught fire on 6th April 1941 and eventually sank in mid Atlantic during severe weather conditions. Awarded the DSM for Operation Torch she landed US troops in Algiers, Broke came under a heavy fire from Vichy French shore batteries but landed troops despite being badly damaged. Disabled by further fire as she withdrew she sank two days later. Promoted to Warrant Engineer in September 1944, he retired in 1949 as a Commissioned Engineer and died in Plymouth in 1970.

Distinguished Service Medal GVI

M.36157 C S Carter CERA

British Empire Medal GVI (Military)

Chief ERA Charles Stanley Carter D/M.36157

Naval General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1936-39

M.36157 C S Carter ERA2 RN

1939/45 Star, Africa Star clasp North Africa 1942-43, Atlantic Star, War Medal

Unnamed as issued

Long Service & Good Conduct Medal Royal Navy GVI 1st type

M.36157 C S Carter CERA 2 HMS Fearless

With copy service records, London Gazette entries and headers for BEM and DSM, copy recommendations for both awards. The group mounted for wear, not particularly well, in the wrong order.

Charles Stanley Carter was born in Penzance, Cornwall 2nd July 1905. A Scholar he entered the Royal Navy 29th January 1921 as an Artificer Apprentice, completing his Apprenticeship at Fisgard 1st July 1925 and rated ERA5, advanced to ERA3 at Vivid 1st July 1929, ERA2 aboard HMS Adventure 1st July 1933, acting CERA2 aboard HMS Fame 20th January 1937, he was confirmed in that rate aboard HMS Fearless 20th January 1938 and awarded the LSGC Medal aboard this ship 7th June 1938. Joining HMS Broke 31st July 1939, the ship taking part in the evacuation of troops from St Nazaire in June 1940. Awarded both the BEM and DSM whist serving aboard this ship.

BEM London Gazette 8th July 1944 page 3915 ‘For courage and seamanship in rescuing survivors from a burning vessel’

‘One of HM Ships the SS Comorin caught fire at sea (on 6th April 1941). The fire spread quickly and it was decided to abandon ship. Heavy weather made the removal of the crew difficult. By fine seamanship a Destroyer was brought along side, and the greater part of the crew taken off. In this operation acting Leading Seaman Cook (awarded BEM) was conspicuous. He took the lead in helping survivors who were hurt as they jumped aboard. He worked untiringly, with no regard for his own safety. Chief Engine Room Artificer Carter did fine work during three and a half hours of delicate handling. 685 orders were transmitted to the Engine Room during this time. The names of these two men are put forward as representative of the skill, devotion and courage displayed throughout the action by the lower deck and Engine Room’.

HMS Broke recued 180 survivors, HMS Lincoln and HMS Glenarty also took survivors, 405 of the 426 on board were rescued. SS Comorin sank in mid Atlantic.

DSM London Gazette  6th April 1943 page 1583 ‘For outstanding gallantry and zeal in the Engine Room of HMS Broke throughout the hazardous operations when the Allied Forces were landed in North Africa in November 1942, Operation Terminal’.

Originally recommended for a Mention in Despatches but this upgraded to the DSM, the recommendation states –

‘This man’s bearing and leadership in action were of the highest order and had a most excellent steadying effect. He was also untiring in his efforts in after action damage control. The high state of effectiveness of the Engine Room Department was largely due to his zeal and energy’.

On 8 November 1942 Broke, together with the Destroyer Malcolm took part in Operation Terminal  part of Operation Torch , the Allied invasion of French North Africa. In “Terminal”, the two Destroyers were to attempt to land infantry directly onto the portside in Algiers in the hope of capturing the port facilities and preventing their destruction by the Vichy French. It was hoped that either complete surprise would be achieved or that the defenders would support the invasion to the extent at least of refusing to fire on the attackers. However, the Vichy forces opened fire on the ships, damaging them heavily. Malcolm was forced to withdraw, but Broke had better luck. On her third attempt, she sliced through the boom and succeeded in landing her troops under fire on the Quai de Fécamp, four hours after the operation started. Broke continued to receive heavy fire and was forced to withdraw at 1030, the unseasoned US troops she landed were quickly taken prisoner. roke was again hit by shore batteries when withdrawing which compounded on earlier damage. She was taken in tow by the Destroyer Zetland, but sank two days later on 10th November at position 36.50N 00.40E.

Promoted to Warrant Engineer 18th September 1944, and to Commissioned Engineer with the same seniority he retired in 1949 and died in Plymouth in 1970.

NEF £3,250 Available