British War Medal 1914-1918, Boy Servant, Royal Navy

British War Medal 1914-1918

L.10981 E G Hartnell B SVT RN

Edward George Hartnell was born in Bridport, Dorset 18th August 1901, a Railway Porter he entered the Royal Navy as Boy Servant at Vivid I 21st March 1918, he was subsequently posted to HMS Glorious 12th October 1918, HMS Hercules 1st July 1919 as Officer’s Servant 2nd Class, HMS New Zealand 12th July 1921, HMS Lion 6th December 1921, Vivid III 8th December 1921, HMS Warspite 14th January 1922, discharged time expired 4th April 1923. The 1939 Register records he is a Great Western Railway Signalman residing with his wife Beatrice at 11 Weston View Terrace, Wincanton, Somerset. He died in Wincanton in 1972.

Scarce rating, suspender loose.

VF £45 SOLD

General Service Medal E2 clasp Malaya, Private, Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps

General Service Medal E2 clasp Malaya

Q/1002203 Pte E Butcher QARANC

Court mounted for display in named card box of issue.

NEF £125 Available

Indian Mutiny Medal 1857-58 clasp Central India, Lieutenant, 50th Madras Native Infantry later Lieutenant General.

Indian Mutiny Medal 1857-58 clasp Central India

Lt A J Howes 50th Madras N I

Provenance : Dix Noonan Webb Auction 1st March 2017 Lot 414. This his sole Medal entitlement.

Albert Joseph Howes, born 2nd February 1837 in Lewisham, Kent the son of William Henry Howes and his wife Ann. Educated privately and for two years in Dresden, Saxony during 1853 and 1854, recommended for a commission in the Madras Infantry 10th December 1856. Ensign 4th January 1857, Lieutenant 30th March 1858, Captain 7th November 1867, Major 5th October 1874, Lieutenant Colonel 1st April 1875, Brevet Colonel  1st July 1882, Major General  1st April 1892, Lieutenant General 1st April 1894 and placed on Unemployed List.

From: War Services of Officers Army List

“Albert Joseph Howes served with the Kurnool Moveable Column in 1857, this became the Saugor Field Division, (once it had been reinforced and moved into Bengal) and was present at the storming of the Fort of Ruteea 13th November 1858”.

Mentioned in Despatches London Gazette 20th June 1859 page 2404 by Lt Colonel W Reece, Saugor Field Division.

In pursuit of 1,000 rebels of which 300 were Sepoys.

“I accordingly marched at eleven o’clock, on the 20th January 1859 from camp, and arrived at the vicinity of Puttergurh at about half past two. Here I detached a column under the command of Captain Keeting and Lieutenant Howes, 50th Madras Native Infantry , four Native Officers 11 Havildars, 82 rank and file to proceed to Luckinger and Papro, and to be as near Neykhera as possible by dawn of day”.

The 1911 census records Albert Joseph Howes aged 74 years, Lieutenant General Indian Army Unemployed List residing on his own at Silverdale, Wilton Road, Bexhill on Sea, on the day of the census his two sisters are visiting. He died at Bexhill on Sea 23rd July 1914.

The Bexhill on Sea Observer dated Saturday 1st August 1914 records –

“Bexhill lost a highly respected and distinguished resident by the death last week of Lieutenant General Albert Joseph Howes of “Silverdale”, Wilton Road. The son of the late Mr William Henry Howes of Upper Norwood, Lieutenant General Howes joined Her Majesty’s Indian Army in 1857 and served throughout the Mutiny. He was with the Kurnool Movable Column and Saugor Field Division at the storming of Fort Patna, on which occasion he commanded a detachment of the 50th Royal Madras Native Infantry. In connection therewith he was mentioned in despatches (sic), and the storming of the Fort at Ruteea 13th November 1858, received the Medal with clasp. Saugor was relieved by Sir Hugh Rose, who advanced from Bombay, in February 1858, after it had been invested by the rebels for upwards of seven months.

Ensign Howes, as he then was, was promoted Lieutenant in 1858, Captain in 1867, Major in 1874, Lieutenant Colonel in 1875, Colonel in 1881, Major General in 1892, and Lieutenant General in 1894 and was placed on the Supernumerary List in 1894. He attended the late King’s Levee of officers who took part in the Indian Mutiny on 29th June 1907. Lieutenant General Howes came to Bexhill from Croydon 16 years ago. Without identifying himself in an official capacity with any public body, he took the greatest interest in the welfare of the town, and was a most generous subscriber to local charities and institutions. He was a very familiar figure at the Kursaal and Colonade, of both of which he was a consistent supporter, and he was never appealed to in vain for help in the matter of prizes and so forth in connection with the various sporting and other events organised by the Entertainments Association. Lieutenant General Howes, who was unmarried was 77 years of age. He had been ill since March. The funeral took place at the Borough cemetery on Monday. A choral service was held at St Barnabas Church, where the deceased was a worshipper etc etc”.

GVF & better £750 Available

Indian Mutiny Medal 1857-58 clasp Central India, Sapper, Royal Engineers wounded in action during the assault and capture of the Town of Jhansee, Bengal 3rd April 1858, through and through musket ball wound left leg, which eventually caused his discharge.

Indian Mutiny Medal 1857-58 clasp Central India

Sapper Hamhill Ramsey Royal Engrs

With copy service record and report on the assault of the defences of the Town of Jhansi 3rd April 1858 in which one Corporal was slightly wounded and four Sappers including Sapper Ramsey were severely wounded..

Hamhill Ramsey was born in Antrim, Ireland, a Wheeler he attested for the Royal Engineers at Glasgow 11th December 1849 aged 22 years 5 months. In 1851 he was serving with 21st Company Royal Sappers and Miners and was still with this Company when wounded. He served 11 years 49 days of which 4 years 6 months were spent in Bermuda and 2 years 9 months in India. Present at the siege and capture of Chandharee, siege and capture of Jhansee and action of the Betwa during the Indian Mutiny in 1958 for which he received the silver medal and clasp for Central India”. The examining Surgeon notes “Wounded in the calf of the left leg by a musket ball at Jhansee, Bengal on 3rd April 1858. The ball passed through without injuring the bone. The wound has been healed a long time and although there is no wasting, the limb swells greatly. He has been in hospital some time and cannot use the leg”.

Although his conduct was described as “Good” on discharge he was not in possession of any Good Conduct Badges and in addition to being tried three times by Court Martial was thirty seven times entered in the Regimental Defaulter’s Book. His Court Martial sentences were imprisonment for absence once and habitual drunkenness twice.

Discharged at Chatham 14th April 1861, medically unfit for further service, the result of his wound, his intended place of residence is recorded as The General Post Office, Balleymoney, County Antrim, Ireland

NEF £650 Available


Egypt and Sudan Medal reverse dated 1882 no clasp to Gunner Henry Edward Newton, Royal Marine Artillery, killed in action at Kassassin 28th August 1882.

Egypt and Sudan Medal reverse dated 1882 no clasp

H E Newton Gunr RMA

With census and Newspaper casualty reporting articles.

Medal roll entry TNA ADM171/41 page 10 records “Medal sent to father 21st March 1883”.

Service record available TNA ADM157/606 folios 13 to 16.

Henry Edward Newton was born in Chatteris, Cambridgeshire in 1858, the 1881 census records he is a Private, Royal Marines at the RM Recruit Depot, South Barracks, Walmer, Kent having enlisted the previous year. In 1882 he was serving with 12 Company Royal Marine Artillery (Portsmouth Division) and embarked for service in Egypt. Killed in action during the action at Kassassin 28th August 1882.

“On 28th August the Egyptians made a serious attack on Kassassin astride the canal, but were driven back, the cavalry inflicting severe punishment. General Graham now had about 1,875 troops, including 427 Royal Marine Artillery (RMA), with two guns, fronting north west and west. At 1100 a large force of the enemy was reported moving round the right flank behind the ridge and two heavy guns opened fire on our left front. At 1500 the Mounted Infantry reported the enemy were retiring and the troops were ordered back to camp. At 1630 the enemy advanced again in great force, their skirmishers supported by Artillery overlapped on the left. The Royal Marine Artillery were posted on the south bank of the canal facing north to north west, in the centre were the Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry (DCLI), about 800 yards in the rear of the RMA with 2nd Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment on the right. The Mounted Infantry and Dragoon Guards were covering the gap between the RMA and DCLI and prevented all efforts to break through. The steady fire of the RMA stopped attempts to cross the canal.

At 1630 the Cavalry and RMLI Battalion at Mahsameh were sent for, and the Cavalry fell on the left flank of the skirmishers and rolled up their line. At 1700 enemy reinforcements arrived by train. Near the right of our position a captured Krupp Gun had been mounted on a railway truck and was worked by a detachment of RMA under Captain Tucker, it was admirably served and did great execution, as our other guns had ceased firing from want of ammunition, it became the target but no one was hit, man or gun, it expended 93 rounds”.

A total of 6 Royal Marine Artillery Gunners were killed in action at Kassasin with a further 22 wounded.

A very Rare RMA casualty for the 1882 Egypt Expedition, possibly the first Kassassin action RM casualty ever to appear on the market.

One slight edge knock otherwise

EF £1,150 Available

     

    


India General Service Medal (1854) clasp Burma 1885-7, Gunner, Southern Division, Royal Artillery

India General Service Medal (1854) clasp Burma 1885-7

24241 Gunner W F Munday No 5 By 1st Bde So Dn RA

Medal and clasp verified correct on the Medal roll TNA WO100/69 page 99 which records a duplicate issued 19th December 1919, this is the original being named in the correct running script style (the 1919 version would be impressed naming).

VF & better £150 SOLD


Egypt and Sudan Medal reverse dated 1882 clasp Tel-El-Kebir, Private, Royal Irish Fusiliers

Egypt and Sudan Medal reverse dated 1882 clasp Tel-El-Kebir

445 Pte H Bennett 1/R I Fus

Medal and clasp verified correct on the Medal roll TNA WO100/59 page 446.

With some details of service found in the First World War Burnt Document series.

Henry Bennett, next of kin recorded as father George residing in Blackburn, Lancashire, attested for the 10th Brigade 10th November 1880 at Preston. Joined the Royal Irish Regiment 1st July 1881 and volunteered to transfer to 1st Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers 1st September 1891 serving in Egypt from 8th August 1882 to 8th November 1882 and India 12th September 1883 to 9th February 1887. Transferred to First Class Army Reserve 17th February 1887 and discharged from the Reserve 9th November 1892. Attested for Section “D” Army Reserve at Preston 28th November 1892 and discharged 27th November 1896.

Light pitting.

VF £175 Reserved


Khedives Star dated 1884-6 unnamed as issued

Khedives Star 1884-6

Unnamed as issued

GVF £80 Available


Campaign Service Medal E2 clasp Radfan, Trooper, 16th/5th Lancers

Campaign Service Medal E2 clasp Radfan

23870779 TPR W E Stevens 16/5 L

From: Aden Insurgency, the Savage Was in South Arabia 1962 – 1967, Jonathan Walker, Spellmount, 2005

“Brigadier Lunt was not convinced that a purely military operation like Nutcracker was the answer to rebellion in the Radfan, sensing that it would play into the hands of the dissidents, as well as committing the Federal Regular Arab Army (FRA) to a permanent role in the region. He was a forceful character and although a great proponent of the role of Arab soldiers, he made plain to Trevaskis that this operation held too many risks. As a portent of trouble to come, there were political problems concerning the deployment of the local FRA. The Federal Government could not decide whether to keep all the Radfani members of the FRA out of the operation. In the end just the Radfani officers took part, leaving the Radfani other ranks to return home on leave .

Despite these difficulties, the operation commenced on 4th January 1964 with the assembly of 2, 3 and 4 Battalions FRA at Thimier, a village on the Dhala Road near the start of the Radfan Mountains, where they were joined by the FRA Squadron of Armoured Cars. The British support comprised a Troop of Centurion Tanks from 16th/5th Lancers, Artillery support was provided by “J” Battery 3 Royal Horse Artillery and road building by 12th Field Squadron Royal Engineers. Air support was provided by 4 Wessex Helicopters from 815 Squadron Royal Navy and 2 Belvedere Helicopters from 26 Squadron Royal Air Force”.

Scarce one Troop (4 tanks) of 16th/5th Lancers present for Operation Nutcracker commanded by 2/Lieutenant R Lunt, son of Brigadier Lunt.

NEF £225 Available


Campaign Service Medal E2 clasp Northern Ireland, Guardsman, Grenadier Guards

Campaign Service Medal E2 clasp Northern Ireland

24698900 GDSM G J Salisbury Gren Gds

Service number indicates 1983 enlistment

NEF £80 Available


General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1945-48, Private, Duke of Wellington’s Regiment wounded in Italy in the same action in which Private Richard Burton 1st Battalion Duke of Wellington’s Regiment won the Victoria Cross.

General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1945-48

14529624 Pte J W Redshaw DWR

With copy War Office casualty list entry recording Private Redshaw served with the 1st Battalion and was wounded in action, Italy 8th October 1944.

5891907 Private Richard BURTON, 1st Battalion, The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment (West Riding)

Awarded the Victoria Cross London Gazette 4th January 1945

“In Italy on 8th October, 1944, two Companies of the Duke of Wellington’s Regiment moved forward to take a strongly held feature 760 metres high (at Monte Ceco, near Palazzuolo sul Senio, north-east of Florence).. The capture of this feature was vital at this stage of the operation as it dominated all the ground on the main axis of advance.

The assaulting troops made good progress to within twenty yards of the crest when they came under withering fire from Spandaus on the crest. The leading platoon was held up and the Platoon Commander was wounded. The Company Commander took another platoon, of which Private Burton was runner, through to assault the crest from which four Spandaus at least were firing. Private Burton rushed forward and, engaging the first Spandau position with his Tommy Gun, killed the crew of three. When the assault was again held up by murderous fire from two more machine guns Private Burton, again showing complete disregard for his own safety, dashed forward toward the first machine gun using his Tommy gun until his ammunition was exhausted. He then picked up a Bren gun and firing from the hip succeeded in killing or wounding the crews of the two machine guns. Thanks to his outstanding courage the Company was then able to consolidate on the forward slope of the feature.

The enemy immediately counter-attacked fiercely but Private Burton, in spite of most of his comrades being either dead or wounded, once again dashed forward on his own initiative and directed such accurate fire with his Bren gun on the enemy that they retired leaving the feature firmly in our hands.

The enemy later counter-attacked again on the adjoining platoon position and Private Burton, who had placed himself on the flank, brought such accurate fire to bear that this counterattack also failed to dislodge the Company from its position. Private Burton’s magnificent gallantry and total disregard of his own safety during many hours of fierce fighting in mud and continuous rain were an inspiration to all his comrades”.

GVF & better £275 Available


Military General Service Medal 1793-1814 clasps Talavera, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Vittoria, Pyrenese, Orthes, Toulouse, Private, Drummer and Musician, 83rd Regiment of Foot, wounded at Talavera 27th July 1808, in which the Regiment suffered 335 casualties.

Military General Service Medal 1793-1814 clasps Talavera, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Vittoria, Pyrenese, Orthes, Toulouse

Mark Myers 83rd Foot

With details of service extracted from the Regimental Muster books, Chelsea Pension Registers, all seven clasps confirmed on the Medal roll. Mark Myers (Miers) was born in Lancaster in 1783, a serving soldier of the 3rd Lancashire Militia he volunteered to serve as a Private with the 2nd Battalion 83rd Regiment (Royal Irish Fusiliers) 29th September 1807 and received a bounty payment of £15.13s. Between December and March 1808 the Battalion was based in Kinsale, Ireland moving to Dublin until September 1808. Promoted to Corporal 30th March 1808, he was reduced to Private 24th July 1808. In September the Battalion arrived at Fermoy, Myers being appointed Drummer 24th October 1808. Embarking on 11th January 1809 for Portugal, the 2nd Battalion 83rd Regiment was to see much action, in December 1810 Myers was in hospital in Lisbon and in January and February 1811 in hospital at Campo Maior. Advancing into Spain in September 1811, Myers was appointed Musician in December 1811 and in August and September 1812 was in the General Hospital at Salamanca sick, he was again in hospital sick at Madrid 18th to 20th October 1812. Advancing into France in March 1814 the Battalion embarked for Ireland 7th June 1814, being stationed first at Kilkenny and from September 1814 in Dublin. Myers was discharged 27th October 1814.

At Talavera 27th July 1808, north east of Lisbon across the Spanish frontier, a force of 20,000 British and allied troops faced the main French Army, British losses were around 4,000 killed and wounded and the French 7,000, the British were compelled to retire the following day. The 2nd Battalion 83rd Foot suffered 4 officers killed and 11 wounded with 38 other ranks killed and 282 wounded. In the siege and assault on Badajoz in March and April 1812, the 2nd Battalion 83rd Foot suffered 3 officers killed and 7 wounded with 31 other ranks killed and 76 wounded. Losses were again to be high in the battle of Vittoria 21st June 1813 when the 83rd suffered 3 officers killed and 4 wounded with 32 other ranks killed and 74 wounded, at Orthes 27th February 1814, the first battle fought on French soil they suffered 6 officers wounded with 11 other ranks killed and 47 wounded.

Mark Myers was awarded a Chelsea Hospital out pension on 15th September 1857 of 6 pence a day, he was at the time residing in Preston, Lancashire. The Chelsea Hospital Pension Register TNA WO120/63 page 87 records he was wounded at Talavera. The 1871 census records he is an 87 year old Chelsea Pensioner residing with his son, also Mark Myers, at 185 Packham Road, Habergham Eaves, Burnley, Lancashire, he died on 23rd August 1873 aged 89 years.

Two edge bruises all naming fine, polishing therefore

GF to VF £2,250 Available


India General Service Medal (1854) clasps Burma 1885-7, Burma 1887-89, Assistant Superintendent, Ye-U Civil Police, Burma

India General Service Medal (1854) clasps Burma 1885-7, Burma 1887-89

Asst Suptdt E G Mumford Ye-U Civil Police

With research listed here and copy will.

Mounted as originally worn with old frayed ribbon as “discovered”.

Edward George Mumford was born in Lucknow, India 7th August 1862, the son of Edward Andrew Munford, Inspector Oudh Police and his wife Mary Anne, baptised by Rev Milward R Burge, Chaplain of Lucknow 17th June 1863. Edward followed his father into the Indian Police, he married Alice Eugene Ellen Hutton, daughter of William Hutton at Christ Church, Lucknow 22nd September 1885, he gave his occupation as Police. Edward married for the second time after becoming a widower on 30th June 1891 to Mary Alexandra Salome Ellen Ransom, daughter of Henry Ransom, District Superintendent of Police in Rangoon. Edward gave his age as 28 years and occupation as Deputy Superintendent Burma Police.

Edward George Mumford died in Ealing, London 17th November 1902 aged 40 years. He had almost certainly returned to England in poor health and may have succumbed to Malaria. His will records –

“This is the last will and testament of me, Edward George Mumford late of Tounghoo in the province of Lower Burma a District Superintendent in the Burma Police (at present residing temporarily in Rangoon prior to leaving for Katha in Upper Burma where I am to be stationed). I devise and bequeath all the real and personal estate to which I shall be entitled to my wife Mary Alexander Salome Ellen Mumford (nee Ransom) absolutely. I appoint my said wife guardian not only of my infant children by her but my child by my former wife”. Dated Rangoon 27th June 1890.

The 1911 census records his widow Mary is residing with her brother Harry Alexander Vincent Ransom a self employed Tutor at 41 Princes Square, Paddington, London, Mary is employed as a Secretary and Housekeeper, two of her surviving children live with her, she died in Battle, Sussex in 1949 having never re-married.

Second clasp loose on ribbon where lugs from first clasp removed.

Dark toned, first time on the market and rare.

EF £650 Available


GENUINE clasps for Second World War Campaign Stars

North Africa 1942-43               GVF £20      Available

1st Army                                      NEF £25      Available

Air Crew Europe (rare)            EF £250      Available

France and Germany                GVF £25      SOLD

Atlantic (rare)                             NEF £125      Available

Burma                                           NEF £30      Available


General Service Medal E2 clasp Borneo, Marine, Royal Marines

General Service Medal E2 clasp Borneo

RM. 19107 L. Helsby, MNE, R.M.

With copy Medal Roll Entry for service in Borneo 40 Royal Marine Commando 1962 – 1966

GVF £125 Available


Naval General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1936-39, Boy 1st Class, Royal Navy

Naval General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1936-39

JX.145670 W J Toomer Boy 1 RN

William John Toomer born in Winchester, Hampshire in 1920, died in Rugby, Warwickshire in 2001.

Scarce to a Boy, multiple edge nicks therefore

GF £135 Available


Naval General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1936-39, Stoker 1st Class, Royal Navy

Naval General Service Medal GV clasp Palestine 1936-39

KX.85561 F Barber Sto 1 RN

GVF £115 Available


General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine, Private, Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire Regiment

General Service Medal GV clasp Palestine

5949097 Pte W F Lee Bedfs & Herts R

GVF £110 Available


General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1934-48, Fusilier, Royal Irish Fusiliers

General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1945-48

14455831 Fus J Andrews R IR F

GVF £70 Available


Africa General Service Medal E2 clasp Kenya, Fusilier, Royal Irish Fusiliers

Africa General Service Medal E2 clasp Kenya

22243466 Fus L Beattie R Ir F

 

GVF & better £125 Available


General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1945-48, Private, Highland Light Infantry

General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1945-48

14715269 Pte J Waters HLI

With copy War Office casualty list entry.

Private Waters was wounded in action 14th April 1945 whilst serving with the 1st Battalion Highland Light Infantry.

In 1946 the 1st Battalion returned to Palestine where tensions had reached a critical stage in the run-up to the creation of the State of Israel. Heavily involved in peace-keeping and suffered ten men killed and nearly seventy wounded. It was the last British unit to leave Jerusalem, in May 1948. Returning to Britain the Battalion went to Fort George to become the Training Battalion of the Highland Brigade.

Tine edge knock

GVF £145 Available


General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1945-48, Private, Royal Warwickshire Regiment wounded in action during the fighting to capture the town of Venray, Holland, 16th October 1944 with the 2nd Battalion.

General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine 1945-48

14676595 Pte E Jones Warwick

With copy War Office casualty list entry.

Private Edward Jones transferred from 21 Infantry Training Centre to the Royal Welsh Fusiliers 29th December 1943. Transferred to King’s Shropshire Light Infantry 18th July 1944 and was wounded in action during the fighting to capture the town of Venray, Holland 16th October 1944 whilst serving with the 2nd Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment.

NEF £125 Available


General Service Medal E2 clasp Cyprus, Private, Welch Regiment

General Service Medal E2 clasp Cyprus

23415050 Pte D Miers Welch

The 1st Battalion Welch Regiment served in Cyprus from November 1957 to October 1958.

GVF & better £75 Available


General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine, Signalman, Royal Signals wounded 30th March 1945 at Wesel, Germany whilst serving with 12 Lines of Communication Royal Signals.

General Service Medal GVI clasp Palestine

2324027 Sgln F W Riley R Signals

With copy GSM Medal roll entry, War Office casualty list entry and War Diary.

Lance Sergeant F W Riley was wounded 30th March 1945 whilst serving with 12 Lines of Communication Royal Signals. Riley was with 50 Conversion Section when his unit moved from Cleve to Wesel, Germany to work on forward communication cables when he was wounded. The War Diary also records on 7th April 1945 he was still being treated at 24 Field Dressing Station. Two men, including Riley were wounded on 30th March and three the following day almost certainly from mortar or artillery fire.

A Strategic Depot, Wesel became the target of allied bombing. On the 16, 17 and 19 February 1945, the town was attacked with impact and air-burst bombs, which destroyed 97% of the city. The Wehrmacht  blew up bridges along the Rhine and Lippe  to prevent Allied forces from advancing. The Wehrmacht also destroyed the 1,950m-long railway  bridge, the last Rhine bridge remaining in German hands, on 10 March. On 23 March, Wesel came under the fire of over 3,000 guns when it was bombarded anew, in preparation for Operation Plunder  The shelling was assisted by a raid of RAF bombers and a larger raid that night. At 2100 hours on the 23rd, ten individual bombers each dropped a 10,000 kg bomb on Wesel, the heaviest bombs dropped in World War II. Before the town was finally taken by Allied troops, 97% of its structures were destroyed. In the ensuing attacks by Allied forces, the town was taken with minimal casualties. Operation Varsity – the largest airborne landings of the war – dropped 18,000 troops into the area to take the hills behind Wesel. The British 1st Commando Brigade was already attacking Wesel, carried into action by LVT Buffalos. The remainder of the Allied force crossed the Rhine in more amphibious vehicles.

EF £110 Available